There are many different components of the brake system which are essential to your safety. Determining what parts are needed to be replaced or not, will minimize your expense and maximize your braking efficiency. Brakes should be checked between 20 and 30 thousand miles.

Anti-lock Brakes

is a braking system that keeps the wheels from locking up during aggressive stopping. Though anti-lock brakes will often shorten stopping distances, their main advantage over non anti-lock systems is their ability to provide the driver will full steering control during full-force stops.
A car with locked wheels will not steer!

Bleeding Brakes

Brakes work by hydraulic pressure, which is extraordinarily powerful–provided no air makes its way into the fluid. Bleeding the brakes simply means to “push” the air bubbles out of the fluid so your brakes actually work when you press the brake pedal! Now don’t you think that is a good idea??

Brake Backing Plate

A metal plate inside the brake drum on which the brake shoes, wheel cylinder, and other brake parts are mounted.

Brake Calipers

The little fruitcake-sized and shaped metal devices on disc brakes that you can see through the wheel. They house the brake pads, and their job is to squeeze the pads onto the discs when you hit the brakes so that your vehicle stops.

Brake Cylinder

On a drum braking system a small cylinder that uses brake fluid to exert hydraulic pressure which forces the brake shoes against the brake drums and stops the vehicle.

Brake Drums

On a drum brakeing system these are metal drums that are mounted on each wheel. The brake shoes press against the inner surface of the brake drum and cause the vehicle to slow down.

Brake Fluid

A special fluid used in a hydraulic brake system. Always use fluid that meets or exceeds OEM recommendations (recommendations that you can find in your owner’s manual). Brake fluids are rated in DOT levels, the higher the DOT rating, the more resistant the fluid generally is to boiling (which is at least as bad as it sounds).
Is it time for your car to have a brake flush?  Ask your mechanic at Crabapple Automotive today.

Brake Lines

Thin little metal tubes that allow the brake fluid pressure move from the master cylinder to the brake calipers, which in turn squeeze the brake pads onto the brake discs.

Brake Lining

On a drum braking system brake lining is a high-friction material that is attached to the brake shoes.

Brake Shoes

On a drum braking system brake shows are curved pieces of metal with brake lining attached. When pressed against the inside surface of the brake drums, they cause a vehicle to stop.

Disc Brakes

Type of brakes that work by squeezing brake pads against a disc–thus “disc brakes.” Most modern cars use this type of braking system.

Drum Brakes

Most automotive braking system are operated by either discs or drums. Drum brakes are rare on modern vehicles, and are used only as a low-budget or simpler alternative. Drum brakes work by pressing brake shoes against the inside of the brake drum to make a vehicle stop, and their existence on your car, if nothing else, should make you feel old-school-cool in a Redd Foxx/velvet drapes sort of way.

Hydraulic Brakes

Fluids can’t readily be compressed. Hydraulic systems use that resistance to being compressed to generate force to operate things like brakes, as they can provide tremendous force.

Master Cylinder

A device that stores brake fluid and hydraulically forces it through the brake system.

Power Booster

A device that uses engine vacuum to assist in braking.

Power Brakes

A brake system that uses a power booster to ease braking, almost all modern vehicles feature power brakes.


This is what is sounds like–springs a little longer than a loaf of bread that sit at all four corners of most vehicles to absorb and absorb road irregularities and dissipate their energy by (slightly) bouncing.  Wouldn’t it be nice if Nike could do that for running shoes…